Server Core Installation windows server 2012

Like Windows Server 2008 R2, the Server Core Installation option is available in Windows Server 2012. When you perform this type of installation, you elect to install Windows Server 2012 without the Server Graphical Shell. In this configuration, neither the Microsoft Management Console nor the Desktop Experience features are available. You can manage a Sever Core Installation server locally using the command line or Windows PowerShell, remotely from a server that was installed using the Server with a GUI installation, or from a workstation that is configured with the Windows 8 Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT).

Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V (Part 1)

Janique CarbonePOSTED ON JANUARY 14, 2013013 Views


If you would like to read the next part in this article series please go to Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V (Part 2).

Introduction

In Part I of this article, you learn about the different installation options available in Windows Server 2012. New options improve on the Server Core Installation and Full Installation scenarios that are also available in Windows Server 2008 R2. These new options allow you to remove the Server Graphical Shell from a Full Installation (renamed Server with a GUI in Windows Server 2012), and also a Features on Demand option to reduce the footprint of the Windows Server 2012 installation on the server.

Server Core Installation

Like Windows Server 2008 R2, the Server Core Installation option is available in Windows Server 2012. When you perform this type of installation, you elect to install Windows Server 2012 without the Server Graphical Shell. In this configuration, neither the Microsoft Management Console nor the Desktop Experience features are available. You can manage a Sever Core Installation server locally using the command line or Windows PowerShell, remotely from a server that was installed using the Server with a GUI installation, or from a workstation that is configured with the Windows 8 Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT).

The Server Core Installation option is the default option for Windows Server 2012. Because it does not load the Server Graphical Shell, it is the recommended installation method to minimize server update requirements, reduce operating system size on disk, and minimize the server attack footprint. You can still configure server roles on this type of installation. However, none of the associated GUI-based management consoles will be installed during the configuration process. As such, the Server Core Installation requires approximately 4 GB less of hard disk space than the Server with a GUI installation option.

You can use the steps in the following procedure to perform a Windows Server 2012 Server Core Installation using the Windows Setup GUI:

  1. Boot the physical server or virtual machine using the Windows Server 2012 media.
  2. At the Windows Setup screen, select the appropriate Language, Time and Currency Format, and Keyboard or Input Method options using the pull-down menus, and then click Next.

3. select Install Now on the next screen.

4. The Windows Server 2012 Setup begins as shown

5. On the next Windows Setup screen, enter your Windows Server 2012 product key, and then click Next.

select the Server Core Installation option for your Windows Server 2012 edition, and then click Next.

After reading the License Terms on the next Windows Setup screen, click the I Accept the License Terms checkbox if you agree, and then click Next.

8. click on the Custom: Install Windows Only (Advanced) option to install a clean version of Windows Server 2012. Alternatively, you can select the Upgrade: Install Windows and Keep Files, Settings, and Applications option to update a previous Windows Server version in a supported upgrade scenario.

9. On the next Windows Setup screen, select the Drive and Partition where you want to install Windows Server 2012 operating system files, and then click Next.

10. As shown the Windows Server 2012 installation begins. During installation, the system may reboot several times.

11. When the Windows Server 2012 Server Core Installation is complete, click Next to change the Administrator password.

12. After you enter the new Administrator password and verify it, click OK to acknowledge the password change.

13. Because this is a Server Core Installation, only a command window is open after you are logged into the system.

After Windows Server 2012 is installed, you make the server useful by configuring network, firewall, domain, update, and other standard settings, as well as the roles and features for which it must provide service. With a Server Core installation, you can configure roles locally using the Windows PowerShell.

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